VIIRS has some bands covering similar ranges (M9-M16), but I haven't found much/any research using VIIRS for study atmospheric composition, but rather it's been used for nighttime imagery, fires, etc.
Am I missing something or could VIIRS also be used for this application and I just haven't found examples? Thanks!
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Doing retrievals of atmospheric composition (gases) requires spectroscopy, which requires measuring at a high spectral resolution. Imagers such as VIIRS observe in wavelength bands of 20-40 nm in width, which are much too wide to pick out narrow absorption lines of different gases.