NOAA Omics working group GCMD keyword request

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elijah.hall
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NOAA Omics working group GCMD keyword request

by elijah.hall » Fri Feb 02, 2024 2:34 pm America/New_York

Hello,

The NOAA ‘Omics working group would like to request a number of terms as GCMD project keywords. There are a total of 50 keywords listed below. Please let me know if there’s anything I need to correct or if I can help with the review process.

Thank you,
Elijah Hall

Term: Omics
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere
Definition: The word omics refers to a field of study in biological sciences that ends with -omics, such as genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, or metabolomics. The ending -ome is used to address the objects of study of such fields, such as the genome, transcriptome, proteome, or metabolome, respectively. More specifically, genomics is the science that studies the structure, function, evolution, and mapping of genomes and aims at characterization and quantification of genes, which direct the production of proteins with the assistance of enzymes and messenger molecules.
Documentation: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-43033-1_1

Term: Building blocks
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics
Definition: Molecules that form the basis of gene expression. The flow of information from DNA to RNA to proteins is one of the fundamental principles of molecular biology. It is so important that it is sometimes called the “central dogma.”
Documentation: https://medlineplus.gov/genetics/understanding/howgeneswork/makingprotein/#:~:text=The%20flow%20of%20information%20from,is%20used%20to%20make%20proteins.

Term: DNA
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics > Building blocks
Definition: Deoxyribonucleic acid (abbreviated DNA) is the double-stranded molecule that carries genetic information for the development and functioning of an organism. Whole extracted DNA from an organism or environment often referred to as gDNA (genomic).
Documentation: https://www.genome.gov/genetics-glossary/Deoxyribonucleic-Acid

Term: Environmental DNA (eDNA)
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics > Building blocks > DNA
Definition: Environmental DNA (eDNA) is organismal DNA that can be found in the environment andoriginates from cellular material shed by larger organisms (via skin, excrement, etc.) into aquatic or terrestrial environments, or can represent the entirety of smaller organisms present within the sample.
Documentation: https://www.usgs.gov/special-topics/water-science-school/science/environmental-dna-edna

Term: Contig
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics > Building blocks > DNA
Definition: A contig is a set of DNA segments or sequences that overlap in a way that provides a contiguous representation of a genomic region. For example, a clone contig provides a physical map of a set of cloned segments of DNA across a genomic region, while a sequence contig provides the actual DNA sequence of a genomic region.
Documentation: https://www.genome.gov/genetics-glossary/Contig#:~:text=Definition,representation%20of%20a%20genomic%20region.

Term: RNA
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics > Building blocks
Definition: Ribonucleic acid (abbreviated RNA) is a molecule present in all living cells that is transcribed from and has structural similarities to DNA. The “transcript” is the RNA produced when a gene is transcribed. Unlike DNA, RNA is most often single-stranded. Includes mRNA (messenger), tRNA (transfer), and rRNA (ribosomal).
Documentation: https://www.genome.gov/genetics-glossary/RNA-Ribonucleic-Acid; https://toolkit.ncats.nih.gov/glossary/rna-transcript/

Term: Transcriptome
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics > Building blocks > RNA
Definition: The transcriptome is the complete set of transcripts in a cell, and their quantity, for a specific developmental stage or physiological condition. Understanding the transcriptome is essential for interpreting the functional elements of the genome and revealing the molecular constituents of cells and tissues, and also for understanding development and disease.
Documentation: https://www.genome.gov/genetics-glossary/Protein

Term: Environmental RNA (eRNA)
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics > Building blocks > RNA
Definition: refers to RNAs released by organisms into their surrounding environment. The term is used here to refer strictly to RNA extracted from the environment (in cellular, vesicular, or free form) in the absence of progenitor organisms. Current eRNA applications exploit its rapid degradation to quantify temporally recent or metabolically active communities.
Documentation: https://www.cell.com/trends/ecology-evolution/fulltext/S0169-5347(19)30155-7; https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169534721000689#bb0010

Term: Protein
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics > Building blocks
Definition: Proteins are large, complex molecules that play many important roles in the body. A protein is made up of one or more long, folded chains of amino acids (each called a polypeptide), whose sequences are determined by the DNA sequence of the protein-encoding gene.
Documentation: https://www.genome.gov/genetics-glossary/Protein

Term: Omics methodology
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics
Definition: Processes to determine the structure of DNA. RNA, and protein to obtain a comprehensive understanding of the biological system under study.
Documentation: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK202165/

Term: DNA sequencing
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics > Omics methodology
Definition: DNA sequencing refers to the general laboratory technique for determining the exact sequence of nucleotides, or bases, in a DNA molecule.
Documentation: https://www.genome.gov/genetics-glossary/DNA-Sequencing

Term: DNA metabarcoding
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics > Omics methodology
Definition: DNA metabarcoding is a developing approach that identifies multiple species from a mixed sample (bulk DNA or eDNA) based on high-throughput sequencing (HTS) of a specific DNA marker. It differs from conventional DNA barcoding (usually based on Sanger sequencing of individual specimens) because the amount of DNA sequence data derived by HTS allows taxonomy to be rapidly assigned to many species present in a sample.
Documentation: https://resjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/een.12831#:~:text=DNA%20metabarcoding%20is%20a%20developing,of%20a%20specific%20DNA%20marker.

Term: RNA sequencing
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics > Omics methodology
Definition: RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) uses the capabilities of high-throughput sequencing methods to provide insight into the transcriptome of a cell.
Documentation: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4863231/

Term: Transcriptomic Analysis
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics > Omics methodology
Definition: The key aims of transcriptomics are: to catalog all species of transcript, including mRNAs, non-coding RNAs and small RNAs; to determine the transcriptional structure of genes, in terms of their start sites, 5′ and 3′ ends, splicing patterns, and other post-transcriptional modifications; and to quantify the changing expression levels of each transcript during development and under different conditions
Documentation: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2949280/

Term: Amplicon sequencing
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics > Omics methodology
Definition: Amplicon sequencing is a highly targeted approach that enables researchers to analyze genetic variation in specific genomic regions. The ultra-deep sequencing of PCR products (amplicons) allows efficient variant identification and characterization. This method uses oligonucleotide probes designed to target and capture regions of interest, followed by next-generation sequencing (NGS).
Documentation: https://www.illumina.com/techniques/sequencing/dna-sequencing/targeted-resequencing/amplicon-sequencing.html#:~:text=Amplicon%20sequencing%20is%20a%20highly,efficient%20variant%20identification%20and%20characterization.; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6765137/

Term: Assembly
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics > Omics methodology
Definition: In the context of genomes, assembly refers to the process of taking a large number of short DNA sequences and putting them back together to create a representation of the original chromosomes from which the DNA originated.
Documentation: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/B9780128199909000123

Term: Assembly
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics > Omics methodology
Definition: In the context of genomes, assembly refers to the process of taking a large number of short DNA sequences and putting them back together to create a representation of the original chromosomes from which the DNA originated.
Documentation: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/B9780128199909000123

Term: Bin/binning
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics > Omics methodology
Definition: A bin is a subset of genomic fragments that are believed to be from the same species in a metagenomic community. Contig binning aims to put the assembled genomic fragments, or contigs, from the same genome into the same bin. The contigs from these bins are then presented as a single collection to form metagenome-assembled genomes (MAGs)
Documentation: https://genomebiology.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13059-022-02832-6

Term: Bin/binning
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics > Omics methodology
Definition: A bin is a subset of genomic fragments that are believed to be from the same species in a metagenomic community. Contig binning aims to put the assembled genomic fragments, or contigs, from the same genome into the same bin. The contigs from these bins are then presented as a single collection to form metagenome-assembled genomes (MAGs)
Documentation: https://genomebiology.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13059-022-02832-6

Term: High throughput sequencing
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics > Omics methodology
Definition: High-throughput sequencing, also known as next-generation sequencing (NGS), is the comprehensive term used to describe modern technologies that sequence DNA and RNA in a rapid and cost-effective manner.
Documentation: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/B9780323485524000147

Term: Sanger sequencing
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics > Omics methodology
Definition: Sanger sequencing, also known as the chain termination method, is a technique for DNA sequencing based upon the selective incorporation of chain-terminating dideoxynucleotides (ddNTPs) by DNA polymerase during in vitro DNA replication.
Documentation: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/B9780128022344000021

Term: RAD-Seq
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics > Omics methodology
Definition: Restriction-site Associated DNA Sequencing, a method that samples at reduced complexity across target genomes. Mainly used to deliver high resolution population genomic data without whole-genome sequencing.
Documentation: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3080771/

Term: Whole genome sequencing
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics > Omics methodology
Definition: Whole genome sequencing is a laboratory procedure that determines the order of all, or nearly all, of the DNA in an organism’s genome in one process.
Documentation: https://www.cdc.gov/pulsenet/pathogens/wgs.html

Term: BLAST
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics > Omics methodology
Definition: The Basic Local Alignment Search Tool that finds regions of local similarity between sequences. The program compares nucleotide or protein sequences to sequence databases and calculates the statistical significance of matches. BLAST can be used to infer functional and evolutionary relationships between sequences as well as help identify members of gene families.
Documentation: https://blast.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Blast.cgi

Term: Operational Taxonomic Unit (OTU)
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics > Omics methodology
Definition: OTUs are defined as a cluster of sequences that have a sequence identity above a given threshold, usually represented as a % similarity.
Documentation: https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0264443

Term: Bioinformatics
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics > Omics methodology
Definition: Bioinformatics, as related to genetics and genomics, is a scientific subdiscipline that involves using computer technology to collect, store, analyze, and disseminate biological data and information, such as DNA and amino acid sequences or annotations about those sequences. Scientists and clinicians use databases that organize and index such biological information to increase our understanding of health and disease and, in certain cases, as part of medical care.
Documentation: https://www.genome.gov/genetics-glossary/Bioinformatics

Term: Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR)
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics > Omics methodology
Definition: Also known as real-time PCR, is a method of DNA amplification that allows determination of the absolute quantity of target DNA in the sample according to a calibration curve constructed of serially diluted standard samples with known concentrations or copy numbers. It allows for the real-time quantification of amplicons, as opposed to post-amplification as in PCR.
Documentation: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2017.00108/full

Term: Absolute abundance [or Quantitative abundance]
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics > Omics methodology
Definition: The quantification of the precise amount of a specific DNA or RNA molecule in a sample. Absolute abundance provides the quantitative abundance of DNA or RNA in a sample, as opposed to the relative abundance produced by traditional PCR methods. Two common methods to determine absolute abundance include:
Cell-based methods such as flow cytometry used in ddPCR
Molecular methods used in qPCR
Documentation: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6581686/; https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fcimb.2020.00403/full

Term: Microbial source tracking
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics > Omics methodology
Definition: Determining the origin of a biological pollutant, typically fecal matter, using unique microbiological, genotypic, phenotypic, and chemical patterns and comparing the patterns to different source locations.
Documentation: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC134426/

Term: Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics > Omics methodology
Definition: Polymerase chain reaction (abbreviated PCR) is a laboratory technique for rapidly producing (amplifying) millions to billions of copies of a specific segment of DNA, which can then be studied in greater detail. PCR involves using short synthetic DNA fragments called primers to select a segment of the genome to be amplified, and then multiple rounds of DNA synthesis to amplify that segment.
Documentation: https://www.genome.gov/genetics-glossary/Polymerase-Chain-Reaction

Term: Droplet Digital Polymerase Chain Reaction (ddPCR)
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics > Omics methodology
Definition: Droplet Digital PCR (ddPCR) is a method for performing digital PCR that is based on water-oil emulsion droplet technology. A sample is fractionated into 20,000 droplets, and PCR amplification of the template molecules occurs in each individual droplet. ddPCR is a version of PCR that enables the exact quantification of nucleic acid targets within a sample.
Documentation: https://www.bio-rad.com/en-us/life-science/learning-center/introduction-to-digital-pcr/what-is-droplet-digital-pcr; https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/neuroscience/droplet-digital-polymerase-chain-reaction

Term: Genome
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics
Definition: The genome is the entire set of DNA instructions found in a cell. A genome contains all the information needed for an individual to develop and function.
Documentation: https://www.genome.gov/genetics-glossary/Genome

Term: Genomics
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics > Genome
Definition: Genomics is a field of biology focused on studying all the DNA of an organism. Such work ranges from sequencing various locations throughout a genome to identifying and characterizing all the genes and functional elements in an organism’s genome as well as how they interact.
Documentation: https://www.genome.gov/genetics-glossary/genomics

Term: Genotyping
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics > Genome
Definition: Genotyping is the process of determining differences in the genetic make-up (genotype) of an individual by examining the individual’s DNA sequence using biological assays and comparing it with another individual’s sequence or a reference sequence. It identifies the alleles an individual has inherited from their parents.
Documentation: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128142769000301

Term: Amplicon
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics > Genome
Definition: An amplicon is a short DNA fragment amplified by a polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Often, these will be linear products of PCR used to select for a particular barcode, that are subsequently sequenced.
Documentation: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0923181109003077

Term: Metagenome
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics
Definition: A collection of genomes from many individuals within an environment and/or sample
Documentation: https://www.cosmosid.com/metagenome-vs-genome-the-differences/#

Term: Metagenomics
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics > Metagenome
Definition: The analysis of entire DNA and/or RNA sequences isolated and analyzed from all of the organisms in a bulk sample, typically recovered directly from environmental samples. These analyses are typically used to study microbes. There are two types of commonly used metagenomic analysis:
Targeted metagenomics. Targeted metagenomics uses certain conserved regions (16s rRNA, 18s rRNA, ITS regions) that are amplified with PCR primers and sequenced. These conserved regions have variable regions that allow for identification of different groups of organisms.
Shotgun metagenomics. This method is non-discriminant in that it will sequence all genetic material in an environmental sample.
Documentation: https://learn.gencore.bio.nyu.edu/metgenomics/; https://www.genome.gov/genetics-glossary/Metagenomics

Term: Amplicon Sequence Variant (ASV)
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics > Metagenome
Definition: ASVs are clusters of sequences with 100% identity of both sequence content and length, allowing some modeled error. . ASVs are made using denoising methods that generate an error model based on the quality of the sequencing run and use this model to distinguish between the predicted “true” biological variation and that likely generated by sequencing error. The remaining “true” sequences vary from as little as one single nucleotide and are then defined as separate ASVs.
Documentation: https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0264443

Term: Metagenome-assembled genomes (MAGs)
Hierarchy: Earth science > Biosphere > Omics > Metagenome
Definition: MAGs represent a microbial genome by a group of sequences from genome assembly with similar characteristics. It enables researchers to identify novel species and understand their potential functions in a dynamic ecosystem.
Documentation: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2001037021004931

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GCMD - tstevens
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Re: NOAA Omics working group GCMD keyword request

by GCMD - tstevens » Tue Feb 06, 2024 1:36 pm America/New_York

@elijah.hall Thank you for your keyword request. After reviewing the keyword requests, these are more appropriate as Science Keywords, not project keywords. Can you please provide a rationale on why they should be in the GCMD keyword list? Are you planning to submit collection metadata with these keywords? We don’t often see data related to DNA and genetic sequencing.

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Re: NOAA Omics working group GCMD keyword request

by ORNL - mthornton » Wed Feb 07, 2024 3:26 pm America/New_York

@GCMD - tstevens The ORNL DAAC has interest in these omics GCMD keyword requests as it relates to the BioSCape Project. The NASA supported BioSCape Project has environmental DNA samples that will be a collection under the BioSCape Project. The following terms in particular are relevant, but we anticipate that NASA's Biological Diversity program will contribute to a greater need for Omics keywords.
Term: DNA
Term: DNA metabarcoding
Term: Environmental DNA (eDNA)
Term: DNA metabarcoding
Term: High throughput sequencing
Term: Bioinformatics
Term: Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR)
Term: Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
Term: Amplicon
Term: Metagenomics

Thank you,
Michele
Michele Thornton
ORNL NASA Distributed Active Archive Center
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
thorntonmm@ornl.gov

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Re: NOAA Omics working group GCMD keyword request

by elijah.hall » Tue Feb 13, 2024 11:50 am America/New_York

@GCMD - tstevens Thank you for your reply. We agree that these are more appropriate as science keywords rather than project keywords. We'd like to add these terms in order to have standard metadata definitions to reference in databases such as Ocean Biodiversity Information System (OBIS) and the NOAA onestop. They will be used in several projects, including but not limited to the NOAA omics group. Please let me know if you'd like further justification or if there's any other information I can provide.

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Re: NOAA Omics working group GCMD keyword request

by GCMD - tstevens » Thu Feb 22, 2024 12:36 pm America/New_York

@elijah.hall I am going to be making these changes in increments. The first 10 are done and ready for review.

EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > OMICS: https://gcmd.earthdata.nasa.gov/kms/concept/8eb84f36-f355-458b-889f-b37cfa120654?version=draft
EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > OMICS > BUILDING BLOCKS: https://gcmd.earthdata.nasa.gov/kms/concept/4bde697e-39b1-4a42-9803-ee775b132869?version=draft
EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > OMICS > BUILDING BLOCKS > DNA: https://gcmd.earthdata.nasa.gov/kms/concept/66034667-3a75-401d-894e-57f604d56571?version=draft
EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > OMICS > BUILDING BLOCKS > DNA > CONTIG: https://gcmd.earthdata.nasa.gov/kms/concept/1993d124-f05d-4aea-a08a-a599438f9251?version=draft
EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > OMICS > BUILDING BLOCKS > DNA > ENVIRONMENTAL DNA (eDNA): https://gcmd.earthdata.nasa.gov/kms/concept/4c0b1743-dfeb-4147-b89f-99386a370d42?version=draft
EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > OMICS > BUILDING BLOCKS > PROTEIN: https://gcmd.earthdata.nasa.gov/kms/concept/a4f1da9a-eda0-4240-90a0-074d58a713ba?version=draft
EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > OMICS > BUILDING BLOCKS > RNA: https://gcmd.earthdata.nasa.gov/kms/concept/236cec51-c9e5-4584-90c4-0dac11c603cb?version=draft
EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > OMICS > BUILDING BLOCKS > RNA > ENVIRONMENTAL RNA (eRNA): https://gcmd.earthdata.nasa.gov/kms/concept/9c40d795-abe1-42d4-b5ff-727d4843b3a4?version=draft
EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > OMICS > BUILDING BLOCKS > RNA > TRANSCRIPTOME: https://gcmd.earthdata.nasa.gov/kms/concept/7d3c1302-4d88-4964-b966-f318bf2bcf74?version=draft
EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > OMICS > OMICS METHODOLOGY: https://gcmd.earthdata.nasa.gov/kms/concept/d2f152e1-7398-44ad-b0a4-77ee6ef5bd6c?version=draft

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Re: NOAA Omics working group GCMD keyword request

by elijah.hall » Mon Feb 26, 2024 12:16 pm America/New_York

Thank you very much! I know this is a lot of keywords so I definitely understand if it takes some time to get though them all.

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Re: NOAA Omics working group GCMD keyword request

by GCMD - tstevens » Wed Feb 28, 2024 2:01 pm America/New_York

@elijah.hall The next set of science keywords are ready for review.

EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > OMICS > OMICS METHODOLOGY > AMPLICON SEQUENCING: https://gcmd.earthdata.nasa.gov/kms/concept/2af266cf-69f1-4326-b54f-d161bfb4c911?version=draft
EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > OMICS > OMICS METHODOLOGY > ASSEMBLY: https://gcmd.earthdata.nasa.gov/kms/concept/fdbee1a3-10cd-4d07-ada0-dadbef9a5216?version=draft
EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > OMICS > OMICS METHODOLOGY > BIN/BINNING: https://gcmd.earthdata.nasa.gov/kms/concept/3078eaeb-541e-44a0-9828-a1020f7bc6cf?version=draft
EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > OMICS > OMICS METHODOLOGY > DNA METABARCODING: https://gcmd.earthdata.nasa.gov/kms/concept/c39bf4db-70d3-4921-bd5e-e7c390a980bb?version=draft
EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > OMICS > OMICS METHODOLOGY > DNA SEQUENCING: https://gcmd.earthdata.nasa.gov/kms/concept/ad7ce68b-ee0a-4f2d-bbf7-fe3262186bfb?version=draft
EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > OMICS > OMICS METHODOLOGY > HIGH THROUGHPUT SEQUENCING: https://gcmd.earthdata.nasa.gov/kms/concept/5804d1a5-c96d-4863-881d-6f763ecee262?version=draft
EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > OMICS > OMICS METHODOLOGY > RAD-SEQ: https://gcmd.earthdata.nasa.gov/kms/concept/9491a91d-44ee-4c2e-af49-96531091aa15?version=draft
EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > OMICS > OMICS METHODOLOGY > RNA SEQUENCING: https://gcmd.earthdata.nasa.gov/kms/concept/3b9154a5-eea6-46ef-b17b-3ca6f37c3d3b?version=draft
EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > OMICS > OMICS METHODOLOGY > SANGER SEQUENCING: https://gcmd.earthdata.nasa.gov/kms/concept/68c024c0-8308-42f1-baec-22165ede217c?version=draft
EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > OMICS > OMICS METHODOLOGY > TRANSCRIPTOMIC ANALYSIS: https://gcmd.earthdata.nasa.gov/kms/concept/19291970-5f7d-47b0-9101-11b03a15d9ee?version=draft


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