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Landsat C2L2 surface temperature

Posted: Sat Feb 17, 2024 5:58 pm America/New_York
by arabaute
Hello,
before Landsat C2L2 data was made available, I used to process Band 10 to get Land surface temperature.

Now with C2L2 data, ST is directly provided. However, I couldn't find whether it was the nightime of the daytime images that have been used to calculate the LST. As I want to detect temperature anomalies, I guessed nighttime was better, but I may be wrong. Papers showed that nightime maybe better (https://www.mdpi.com/2072-4292/12/17/2776).

Any help or advice welcome.
Thanks.
A.

Re: Landsat C2L2 surface temperature

Posted: Tue Feb 20, 2024 9:16 am America/New_York
by LP DAAC - dgolon
Hello @arabaute I'll reach out to our Landsat team to see if they have an guidance for you. I'll respond when I have more information. Thanks - Danielle

Re: Landsat C2L2 surface temperature

Posted: Tue Feb 20, 2024 4:58 pm America/New_York
by LP DAAC - dgolon
Hello @arabaute Here is what I heard back from the team:
Nighttime imagery is actually better for detecting temperature differences in most cases, but those images are rarely processed to the Level-2 products. They are missing the visual information from the OLI sensor, so typically we cannot confirm the locations of ground control points.

You can still use band 10 and information from the metadata files to produce a pseudo LST product but it will not have the accuracy of our Level-2 images because we include auxiliary data in the calculations used to create those products.

Re: Landsat C2L2 surface temperature

Posted: Tue Feb 20, 2024 5:44 pm America/New_York
by arabaute
Dear Danielle,

That's what I understood, but you made it very clear! Thanks to you and the team.

While I'm here, I may as well ask about another thing that is not clear to me about Level-2 images. Among all the corrections applied, is there a topographic correction to account for slope orientation and magnitude during acquisition?

Thanks!
A.

Re: Landsat C2L2 surface temperature

Posted: Wed Feb 21, 2024 10:16 am America/New_York
by LP DAAC - dgolon
Hello @arabaute Glad to hear the answer was helpful! For your second question, there is no topographic correction on Level-2 products. Please let me know if you have any additional questions. Thank you -- Danielle